Lesson 10 – Passive and Causative

 
PASSIVE

The Object of the Active Voice sentence becomes the Subject of the Passive Voice sentence.

We have used ‘O’ to indicate the subject of the passive verb for convenience.

It is very easy to understand English Passive Voice because we always find V3 after ‘BE’ verb forms.

      Tense                         Pattern
Future Simple Tense       O + will + be + V3(by agent)

Present Simple Tense      O + is/ am/ are + V3(by agent)
Present Progressive Tense O + is/ am/ are + being + V3(by agent)
Present Perfect Tense     O + has/ have + been + V3(by agent)

Past Simple Tense         O + was/ were + V3(by agent)

He is painting the door.

The window is being painted by her.

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CAUSATIVE

We sometimes cause somebody to do something for us. Causing somebody to do something for us is expressed by using a sentence pattern with ‘GET’ or ‘HAVE’.

Pattern: S + get / have + O + V3 + (by agent)

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Mechanic: I’m repairing the car for him.
Car: I’m being repaired for my owner by this foolish mechanic.
Owner: I’m getting my lovely car repaired by this expert mechanic.

Passive and causative

Mechanic : I have repaired the car.
Car: I have been repaired.
Owner: I have got my car repaired.

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He is going to get the ceiling painted.

The painter is going to paint the ceiling.
The ceiling is going to be painted.
He is going to get the ceiling painted.

He is getting the ceiling painted

The painter is painting the ceiling.
The ceiling is being painted.
He is getting the ceiling painted

He has got the ceiling painted

The painter has painted the ceiling.
The ceiling has been painted.
He has got the ceiling painted.

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I hope you have successfully followed this English course. I have given you the most important parts of the English language and if you have followed this course well, you will be able to learn other things by yourself.

Thank you.

Wish you success!